29 Sep

Install Ubuntu Server


Requirements are basic! Ubuntu has been designed keeping in mind most hardware that abounds, so it is highly likely that if your hardware is not too uncommon, Ubuntu will work on your machine right off the bat! Nonetheless, you should check if your hardware works with Ubuntu and meets the minimum system requirements.

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1- Installation

  • Unlike the installation of Ubuntu Desktop, Ubuntu Server does not include a graphical installation program. Instead, it uses a console menu-based process
  • Before everything put ur server on rescue mode or boot form DVD , USB or may help from KVM over IP to access remote  to put your server on boot
  • The Ubuntu Server boot menu includes handy options for testing your system and for testing the validity of the install media and system disks.There are two options for installation, and you should select ‘Install Ubuntu Server’.

2. Network configuration

After selecting installation language, geographical location and keyboard layout, the installer will perform some background configuration and processing. In particular, the installer will attempt to automatically configure your network.

If the installer successfully detects your network configuration, you’ll be asked to enter a hostname, which can either be modified or left as the default ‘ubuntu’.


3. User configuration

After networking, you’ll be asked to enter your full name, username and password. As you’re configuring a server that’s likely to be accessible from the internet (if you choose), make sure your password is strong and difficult to guess.


4. Storage configuration

After answering a question about your time zone, you need to configure local storage.

If the storage connected to your server is raw and unformatted, the installer will detect this and present a menu offering four options. The simplest is the second, ‘Guided – use entire disk and set up LVM’, and we’d recommend selecting this.

Any of these options will obviously destroy any data currently on your partition(s), but resizing and creating new partitions are options available by selecting ‘Manual’.


5. Package retrieval

After accepting the changes that are going to be made to your storage, the installer will determine the packages to be installed. This will take a few moments.

You will then be asked to enter an HTTP proxy address. This can be ignored if you don’t know whether you need one to access the internet from your server. You’ll also be asked whether you require automatic updates. Selecting ‘Install security updates automatically’ is the safest default option.


6. Software selection

The final step before installation starts requires you to select the software you want pre-installed on your server. You can select from a broad set of categories or manually choose the packages yourself. This option is purely for convenience, as you can easily install any additional software you need after installation has completed.

We’d recommend selecting ‘standard system utilities’ and ‘OpenSSH server’ as a minimum so that your system is both fully functional and accessible from any SSH client on your local network.


7- The End 

Ubuntu Server will now be installed. When complete, one final question asks for permission to install the GRUB boot loader. You should answer ‘Yes’.

The installer will finish up by installing the final packages and configuration files.

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